In The Stacks: The Astor Free Library at the NYPL
This is the latest installment of In the Stacks. A series dedicated to exploring the digital archives of the leading libraries, institutions and organizations of the known universe.
At the prompting of his close friend, Joseph Cogswell, John Jacob Astor set aside $400,000 for the creation of a free public library. When it opened in 1854 The Astor Free Library was one of the first public libraries in the United States. It was also one of the most progressive institutions on the planet.
The library was open to anyone from anywhere who was older than 14. It was one of the few establishments of the time that allowed women to fully participate. By the later half of the nineteenth century it was the hub for scholarly research.
If there was an Achilles heal it was that no books where available to be checked out.
On opening day there where 80,000 to 90,000 books on the shelves. By the end of 1895 there were 294,325.
The library kept a registration book in which all visitors signed-in, indicating their name, their residence and the book they wished to call for. “For the first year the average daily use was about 100 volumes, with a total for the year of about 30,000. No one topic seemed to dominate the rest, though on the whole the fine arts collection was the most extensively used. The number of readers in the first year varied from 30 for the lowest day to 150 for the highest”
In 1895 the Astor Library was consolidated with the Lenox Library and the Tilden Foundation to form the foundation of the New York Public Library!